Heart Attack: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Preventive Measures, Medications, Along with Surgical Treatments.

Simply defined as a disease that blocks the flow of blood to your heart, keeping it oxygen-deprived, heart attack affects more than a million people every year. Ideally, it is important to get examined by a doctor during physical checkups so that your doctor can diagnose the risk of you having a myocardial infarction and start your heart attack treatment accordingly.


Symptoms of heart attack usually differ from person to person, and it also has gender differentiation. Below mentioned are a few general and common symptoms found in patients with a history of heart attack. The study also proves that in people with diabetes, the symptoms might go unnoticed. This is termed silent myocardial infarction.

  • Pressure
  • Discomfort
  • Heaviness
  • Pain below the breast bone, arm, or chest
  • Squeezing
  • Tightness
  • Discomfort in arm, jaw, throat, and back
  • Indigestion
  • Choking
  • Sweating
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Severe anxiety and weakness
  • Uneven or at times fast heartbeats

Heart attack diagnosis test

If you have an emergency symptoms setting, your doctor will ask you about your pulse and blood pressure record and get your temperature checked. If needed, you may be connected to a heart monitor to confirm if you are facing an attack so that you may get the appropriate heart attack treatment at the earliest.

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Blood tests
  • Echocardiography
  • Cardiac catheterization
  • Stress testing
  • Chest X-ray
  • Coronary catheterization
  • MRI

Treatment of heart attack

  • Bypass surgery: sometimes, emergency bypass is performed by the doctors when a person has a heart attack. If chances permit sometimes, you can also have bypass surgery after 3-7 days of the attack. This helps your heart recover. This process involves the sewing of arteries and veins beyond blocked places or narrowed arteries. This allows the blood to follow smoothly along the narrowed section. You might have to stay at the hospital for a week or longer after the heart attack treatment until the flow is restored and your condition is stable.

  • Stent placement: In this process, doctors insert a small tube with the help of a catheter leading its way to your blocked artery to open it. This permanent stent is usually made of metal or body absorbing material sometimes. Also, it may at times contain medicines that will prevent your artery from getting blocked again.

  • Balloon angioplasty: This treatment is performed according to need by the doctors during the cardiac catheterization process. A catheter that is balloon-shaped, thin, and hollow tubed is guided towards the patient’s blocked artery. Gently and carefully, the balloon is then inflated, and the plaque is pressed outwards, finding its way against the artery walls. This helps to open up the artery and restore the blood flow. Many times, this process is completed by inserting a stent.

  • Cardiac catheterization: In procedures such as stent or angiography to take proper pictures of your artery, cardiac catheterization is used to cure the blocked artery and also to open up the narrowed artery.

  • Aspirin: This is listed in Heart attack treatment using drugs. It is usually suggested by the 911 operators or given to you by the emergency medical personnel. This drug helps reduce blood clotting, which comes in handy during emergency cases to keep the narrowed artery blood flow maintained.

  • Thrombolytics: These drugs are also known as clot busters and work to dissolve the blood clotting that blocks the proper flow of blood to your heart. Taking this medicine at the earliest after a heart attack reduces the chances of heart damage and increases your lifeline.

  • Antiplatelet agents: A drug called platelet aggregation inhibitor is given by doctors in the emergency room. These drugs help in the prevention of new clot formations, and also stop the increasing size of the existing clot.

  • Nitroglycerin: Doctors use this drug for chest pain treatments which helps in the improvement of blood flow in the heart by simply dilating the blood vessels.

  • Beta-blockers: These drugs will help in relaxing your heart muscles. It even plays a role in reducing or slowing your heartbeats and decreases your blood pressure. After this, the heart runs smoothly as its job gets easier with less pressure. In addition, this medication ensures that it limits the further damage of heart muscles, helping prevent future heart attacks.

  • Other medications for blood thinning: Heparin is listed as one of the other drugs that will be given through IV or injected directly under your skin to prevent your blood from getting sticky.

Home remedies for a heart attack patient

A little change in lifestyle and a proper home remedy will help you improve the health of your heart. 

  • Quit smoking.
  • Maintain a record of your blood pressure and cholesterol level and try to keep them under control.
  • Never forget to book regular doctor appointments.
  • Have a proper exercise routine.
  • Keep a track of your healthy weight.
  • Plan a diet forum and follow it regularly.
  • Maintain track of your diabetes and try to control it.
  • Try to control your stress.
  • Avoid alcohol.

It’s never too late or early to make healthy changes in your lifestyle. Instead of taking medications and other surgical heart attack treatments, later on, it is better to avoid unhealthy habits like regular smoking, eating junk food, and opting for laziness. These are the main reasons for inviting a heart attack which you can avoid with a few simple lifestyle changes.

Karan Vasita

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